His admiral vetoed the request until it was too late and Conte di Cavour had to use a deeper, 17-meter (56 ft), sandbank at 04:30 on 12 November. The ships now carried 2,550–2,605 long tons (2,591–2,647 t) of fuel oil which provided them with a range of 6,400 nautical miles (11,900 km; 7,400 mi) at a speed of 13 knots (24 km/h; 15 mph). Their draft at deep load increased to 10.02 meters (32 ft 10 in) for Conte di Cavour and 10.42 meters (34 ft 2 in) for Giulio Cesare. Bagnasco, Erminio; Grossman, Mark (n.d.). [30] In 1940 the 13.2 mm machine guns were replaced by 65-caliber 20-millimeter (0.8 in) AA guns in twin mounts. Certain elements not to scale. Both battleships supported Italian operations on Corfu in 1923 after an Italian general and his staff were murdered on Corfu; Benito Mussolini was not satisfied with the Greek Government's response so he ordered Italian troops to occupy the island. Giulio Cesare escorted several convoys, and participated in the Battle of Cape Spartivento in late 1940 and the First Battle of Sirte in late 1941. [43], On the night of 11 November 1940, Conte di Cavour and Giulio Cesare were at anchor in Taranto harbor when they were attacked by 21 Fairey Swordfish torpedo bombers from the British aircraft carrier HMS Illustrious, along with several other warships. The "Dreadnought" classification stemmed from the British Royal Navy's introduction of their HMS Dreadnought in 1906 - a ship that rewrote the standard for then-modern fighting vessels by way of its all-big-gun main armament and … Three minutes after she opened fire, shells from Giulio Cesare began to straddle Warspite which made a small turn and increased speed, to throw off the Italian ship's aim, at 16:00. Italian battleship Conte di Cavour #1/2. Conte di Cavour was an Conte di Cavour-class battleship that served in the Regia Marina during World War I and World War II. On her sea trials in December 1936, before her reconstruction was fully completed, Giulio Cesare reached a speed of 28.24 knots (52.30 km/h; 32.50 mph) from 93,430 shp (69,670 kW). [18], Shortly after the end of World War I, the number of 50-caliber 76 mm guns was reduced to 13, all mounted on the turret tops, and six new 40-caliber 76-millimeter anti-aircraft (AA) guns were installed abreast the aft funnel. [6] They displaced 23,088 long tons (23,458 t) at normal load, and 25,086 long tons (25,489 t) at deep load. In 1953, all remaining Italian light AA guns were replaced by eighteen 37 mm 70-K AA guns in six twin mounts and six singles. [Note 2], The sisters began an extensive reconstruction program directed by Vice Admiral (Generale del Genio navale) Francesco Rotundi in October 1933. Leonardo da Vinci was also little used and was sunk by an internal magazine explosion at Taranto harbor on the night of 2/3 August 1916 while loading ammunition. [29] The 320 mm AP shells weighed 525 kilograms (1,157 lb) and had a maximum range of 28,600 meters (31,300 yd) with a muzzle velocity of 830 m/s (2,700 ft/s). [24] [27], Giulio Cesare leading her sister after their reconstruction, The center turret and the torpedo tubes were removed and all of the existing secondary armament and AA guns were replaced by a dozen 120 mm guns in six twin-gun turrets and eight 102-millimeter (4.0 in) AA guns in twin turrets. These ships, split between the Conte di Cavour and Andrea Doria classes, had been the beneficiaries of the most extensive reconstruction received by any battleship in the interwar era. [Note 2], The sisters began an extensive reconstruction program directed by Vice Admiral (Generale del Genio navale) Francesco Rotundi in October 1933. Above the main belt was a strake of armor 220 millimeters (8.7 in) thick that extended 2.3 meters (7 ft 7 in) up to the lower edge of the main deck. The Battleship Conte di Cavour-class-page contains all related products, articles, books, walkarounds and plastic scale modeling projects dedicated to this ship.. The Soviets intended to rearm her with their own 305 mm guns, but this was forestalled by her loss. The two surviving ships, Conte di Cavour and Giulio Cesare, supported operations during the Corfu Incident in 1923. Designed to reach a maximum speed of 22.5 knots (41.7 km/h; 25.9 mph), none of the ships reached this goal on their sea trials, despite generally exceeding the rated power of their turbines. Both ships participated in the Battle of Calabria in July 1940, when Giulio Cesare was lightly damaged. Both battleships supported Italian operations on Corfu in 1923 after an Italian general and his staff were murdered on the Greco-Albanian border; Benito Mussolini was not satisfied with the Greek Government's response so he ordered Italian troops to occupy the island. Conte di Cavour was scrapped in 1946. Oct 13, 2019 - Explore Sean DeCarlo's board "Italian Battleships", followed by 209 people on Pinterest. She was designated as a training ship in early 1942, and escaped to Malta after Italy surrendered. [26] In service their maximum speed was about 27 knots (50 km/h; 31 mph). Above the main belt was a strake of armor 220 millimeters (8.7 in) thick that extended 2.3 meters (7 ft 7 in) up to the lower edge of the main deck. [6] Each ship was equipped with three turbo generators that provided a total of 150 kilowatts at 110 volts. The ships carried a total of 3,600 rounds for them. They were extensively reconstructed between 1933 and 1937 with more powerful guns, additional armor and considerably more speed than before. She participated in the First Battle of Sirte on 17 December 1941, providing distant cover for a convoy bound for Libya, again never firing her main armament. See more ideas about battleship, warship, navy ships. [1] Foreign dreadnoughts were being designed with 340-millimeter (13.5 in) guns, but the Regia Marina was forced to use 305-millimeter (12 in) guns in the Conte di Cavours because Italy lacked the ability to build larger guns. "The Cavour & Duilio Class Battleships". Refloated shortly after the end of the war, Conte di Cavour was scrapped in 1946. At that same time, a shell from Warspite struck Giulio Cesare at a distance of about 24,000 meters (26,000 yd). Steam for the turbines was provided by 20 Blechynden water-tube boilers in Conte di Cavour and Leonardo da Vinci, eight of which burned oil and twelve of which burned both oil and coal. The ship was transferred to the Soviet Union in 1949 and renamed Novorossiysk. [25] Giulio Cesare received two more twin mounts as well as four additional 37 mm guns in twin mounts on the forecastle between the two turrets in 1941. The center engine room housed one set of turbines that drove the two inner propeller shafts. [31] Atop the conning tower there was a director fitted with two large stereo-rangefinders, with a base length of 7.2 meters (23.6 ft). Uncertain how severe the damage was, Campioni ordered his battleships to turn away in the face of superior British numbers and they successfully disengaged. Casualties included 21 officers and 227 enlisted men[39] killed. [9] The ship was refloated, upside down, on 17 September 1919 and righted on 24 January 1921. The flooding could not be controlled and she later capsized with the loss of 608 men. She was grounded with most of her hull underwater and her repairs were not completed before the Italian surrender in September 1943. The ships were completed during World War I, but none saw action before the end of hostilities. Two of the propeller shafts were removed and the existing turbines were replaced by two Belluzzo geared steam turbines rated at 75,000 shp (56,000 kW). [45], Giulio Cesare participated in the Battle of Cape Spartivento on 27 November 1940, but never got close enough to any British ships to fire at them. It had a maximum thickness of 250 millimeters (9.8 in) amidships, reducing to 130 millimeters (5.1 in) towards the stern and 80 millimeters (3.1 in) towards the bow. Overview of Italian battleships, interwar to WW2. [42] Repairs to Giulio Cesare were completed by the end of August and both ships unsuccessfully attempted to intercept British convoys to Malta in August and September. It lacked enough depth to be fully effective against contemporary torpedoes. Crew on the fleets spotted each other in the middle of the afternoon and the Italian battleships opened fire at 15:53 at a range of nearly 27,000 meters (29,000 yd). The ships could store a maximum of 1,450 long tons (1,470 t) of coal and 850 long tons (860 t) of fuel oil[7] that gave them a range of 4,800 nautical miles (8,900 km; 5,500 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph), and 1,000 nautical miles (1,900 km; 1,200 mi) at 22 knots (41 km/h; 25 mph). [2000x1168] The ship supported operations during the Corfu As with many large ships of the Italian Navy at the beginning of 20th century, she had an almost symmetrical silhouette. The ships had two rudders, both on the centerline. [24] This lasted until June 1937 for Conte di Cavour and October 1937 for Giulio Cesare, and resulted in several changes. The Soviets also used her for training until she was sunk when a mine exploded in 1955. Giulio Cesare was one of three Conte di Cavour-class dreadnought battleships built for the Royal Italian Navy (Regia Marina) in the 1910s.Completed in 1914, she was little used and saw no combat during the First World War.The ship supported operations during the Corfu Incident in 1923 and spent much of the rest of the decade in reserve.She was rebuilt between 1933 and … Conte di Cavour Tier V Italian Battleship 1915. Naval plans in WW2 were shattered as situation changed quickly and prevented to complete … By tm63au, 3 hours ago in Italian Battleships. [19] The total weight of the protective armor was 5,150 long tons (5,230 t),[6] just over 25 per cent of the ships' designed displacement. The total weight of the entire protective system was 6,122 long tons (6,220 t), 30.2 per cent of their intended displacement. Followers 1. … [28] The 305-millimeter (12.0 in) guns were bored out to 320 millimeters (13 in) and their turrets were modified to use electric power, a fixed loading angle of +12 degrees, and the guns could now elevate to +27 degrees. [21] The Regia Marina planned to modernize her by replacing her center turret with six 102-millimeter (4 in) AA guns,[6] but lacked the funds to do so and sold her for scrap on 22 March 1923. The explosion blew a hole completely through the ship, making a 4-by-14-meter (13 by 46 ft) hole in the forecastle forward of 'A' turret. [22], The existing underwater protection was replaced by the Pugliese system that consisted of a large cylinder surrounded by fuel oil or water that was intended to absorb the blast of a torpedo warhead. The tetrapodal mast was replaced with a new forward conning tower, protected with 260-millimeter (10.2 in) thick armor. 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