L’Albero dei cervi o albero del caffè (Gymnocladus dioica (L.) Koch) è una specie arborea appartenente alla famiglia delle Fabaceae. Gymnocladus dioica può raggiungere e superare anche i 30 metri di altezza, con una chioma ampia che si sviluppa anche in verticale; il tronco è diritto o sinuoso ed a volte policonico, rivestito di una scorza grigia, rugosa, solcata, che si squama in placche subrettangolari. Scientific Name: Gymnocladus Lam. – Conti F., Abbate G., Alessandrini A., Blasi C. (a cura di), 2005. Ha una ramificazione elegante, particolarmente evidente d’inverno in contrasto con l’azzurro terso del cielo, quando le foglie sono cadute. Gymnocladus dioicus is considered well-suited to urban environments, as it is tolerant of poor soils, has extreme drought tolerance, and is not vulnerable to serious insect infestations or disease problems. [21] Roasting the pods and seeds neutralizes the cytisine, the toxic Tuttavia, recenti ricerche, hanno evidenziato che anche questa specie è capace di formare noduli pur se a tassi più bassi rispetto ad altre leguminose. Vengono mescolati con canfora, sandalo e chiodi di garofano sono in Oriente come prodotto da bruciare per profumare le case. However, the collection has expand to showcasing newly introduced and preserving historical cultivars of Gymnocladus with attempting to obtain them from the ortet to confirm the authenticity. The expanding leaves are conspicuous because of the varied colors of the leaflets; the youngest are bright pink, while those which are older vary from green to bronze.[7]. I diari di George Washington della fine del 1700 contengono la prima traccia del nome “albero del caffè”. Gymnocladus dioicus 'Espresso-JFS' Espresso™ Kentucky Coffee Tree: Zone: 4: Height: 50' Spread: 35' Shape: Oval to vase shaped with upright arching branches Foliage: Huge doubly compound leaves, bluish-green Fall Color: Yellow: The huge doubly compound leaves give this tree a tropical feel, and the arching branches present an elm-like form. Kentucky coffee tree is native to Midwestern North America. Gymnocladus dioica is a deciduous Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 15 m (49ft) at a slow rate. Descrizione – It grows in bottomlands, ravines, and lower slopes of the Appalachian Mountains from western New York and western Pennsylvania, west La Salute dalla Farmacia del Signore, Consigli ed esperienze con le erbe medicinali, Ennsthaler Editore A Kentucky coffeetree lives in Rhode Island in the Roger Williams Park Zoo at 1000 Elmwood Avenue, Providence. [8] The Kentucky coffeetree sheds its leaves early during the fall and appears bare for up to 6 months. This name refers to the large, coarse branches (without smaller twigs) that remain after the rachis and petiole of the bipinnately compound leaves fall. Seeds were used as dice in games of chance that were common in eastern tribes. Distribuzione Geografica ed Habitat – The beans of the tree were eaten, after roasting, in the Meskwaki (Fox), Ho-Chunk (Winnebago) and Pawnee Native American cultures.[19]. Varies from 18 to 21 meters 60–70feet high with a spread of 12–15 meters 40–50feet and a trunk up to one meter 3feet in diameter. Because of the absence of smaller branches and its later leafing, the French in Canada named it Chicot, "stubby". L’Albero dei cervi é una specie arborea originaria dell’area centrorientale del Nord America. The inconspicuous flowers are unlikely to appear in the UK as the summers are not hot enough. Modalità di Preparazione – [16] which ate the pods and nicked the seeds with their large teeth, aiding in germination. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. La caduta autunnale delle foglie fa impressione: sembra proprio che siano i rami stessi a precipitare con fragore per terra. This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 18:37. Gymnocladus dioicus Figure 1. More About Gymnocladus dioicus. Gymnocladus dioicus Kentucky Coffee Tree Medium-size to large tree, 15-20 m tall, up to 30 m at optimal sites; 8-10 m, sometimes 15-22 m wide; crown domed to ovoid, few branches, picturesquely asymmetrical when old, 25-35 cm a year, slow-growing. The tree grows at a medium rate with height increases of anywhere from 12" to 24" per year. Leaves pink tinted turning yellow before falling. Proceedings of a workshop. Cut during the 20th century, it had a circumference of 2.8 metres (9 ft 2 in) and was the tallest in the country at this time. It is planted as an urban shade tree across the United States and eastern Canada, including California. It is planted as a street tree. Genus Gymnocladus are deciduous trees with a spreading habit and large, bipinnate leaves. alkaloid. Wood: Light brown; heavy, strong, coarse-grained; durable in contact with the ground, takes a fine polish. Trees prefer a rich moist soil, such as bottom lands. Un tè fatto dalle foglie e dalla polpa è stato utilizzato come lassativo. Tree size: The coffeetree tends to reach a height of 60 to 75 feet with a 40- to 50-foot spread at ma-turity. From 1976 to 1994, the Kentucky coffeetree was the state tree of Kentucky, after which the tulip poplar was returned to that designation. Kentucky Coffeetree1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION This is a medium-growing tree that will reach a height of about 70 feet while spreading 45 to 60 feet (Fig. An annotated checklist of the Italian vascular flora, Palombi Editore. The genus Gymnocladus is represented by four species native to North America [1] and Asia [3]. I semi furono utilizzati dai primi coloni come un surrogato del caffè. These cookies do not store any personal information. [8], Caution should be used when consuming, as unroasted or only partially roasted beans and pods are considered poisonous and are reputed to contain the alkaloid cytisine. "Rare species are those that are so uncommon that they should be monitored to determine whether their populations are becoming threatened. I campi obbligatori sono contrassegnati *. L’Albero dei cervi è una pianta che tollera le avversità tipiche dell’ambiente urbano ed è adattabile a una vasta gamma di terreni e climi, sopravvivendo anche nei terreni asciutti, compattati o alcalini, pur preferendo suoli umidi e ricchi ed esposizioni in pieno sole. – Pignatti S., 1982. Propagation is also easy from dormant root cuttings from December through March. Il termine Gymnocladus deriva dal greco γυμνός gymnós nudo e da κλάδος cládos ramo: cioè con rami nudi. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. . Details G. dioica is a slow-growing, spreading deciduous tree with large, bipinnate leaves up to 1m long. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. This plant has no children Legal Status. Usi e Tradizioni – The beans contain the toxin cytisine. Ricordiamo che la citisina, detta anche soforina o ulexina, è contenuta in varie piante del genere Sophora e in varie leguminose (es. Gymnocladus dioicus: Kentucky Coffeetree1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 1. Flowers on female species give way to long, flat, brown, seed pods. Gymnocladus dioicus is the botanical name for the Kentucky coffeetree. – Treben M., 2000. Kentucky Coffee-tree (Gymnocladus dioicus) is a moderate-sized canopy tree of the legume family, and is the only member of its genus in North America. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3816 plants and 23,855 images. Gen. Tech. – Acta Plantarum – Flora delle Regioni italiane. Gymnocladus dioica, commonly called Kentucky coffeetree or coffeetree, is a tall deciduous tree with rough, scaly gray-brown bark and large bipinnate compound leaves. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. your own Pins on Pinterest Sistematica – Etimologia – It is resistant to air pollution and drought and makes an excellent addition to a rain garden or in a landscape to provide shade. Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for Gymnocladus Dioicus Kentucky Coffee Tree Seeds Bonsai Standard White Flowers at Amazon.com. The Kentucky coffeetree is considered an example of evolutionary anachronism. The wood is used both by cabinetmakers and carpenters. The state tree of Kentucky should be used more often because it is adaptable to many soils, Kentucky coffeetree, Gymnocladus dioicus (L.) K. Koch: Current abundance in nature and prospective persistence. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. The crown is large and ovoid in … A 10yearold sapling will stand about 4 meters 13feet tall. The female flowers are 8 to 12 inches long, greenish white in color, appear in early summer, and are quite fragrant. In: Sniezko, Richard A.; Man, Gary; Hipkins, Valerie; Woeste, Keith; Gwaze, David; Kliejunas, John T.; McTeague, Brianna A., tech. [14][15] The tough, leathery seed pods are too difficult for many animals to chew through (in addition to being poisonous) and they are too heavy for either wind or water dispersal. The tree's native range is limited, occurring from Southern Ontario, Canada and in the United States from Kentucky (where it was first encountered by Europeans) and western Pennsylvania in the east, to Kansas, eastern Nebraska, and southeastern South Dakota in the west, to southern Wisconsin and Michigan[9] in the north, and to northern Louisiana in the south. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 2017. (Fabaceae) dioicus K. Koch. Male and female flowers are generally produced on separate trees and, when fertilized, form a hard, dark, bean-like pod, which remains on the tree through the winter. [9] Like the Sumac, branches are absent of fine spray; smaller branches are thick and lumpish. Open, oval crown with irregular branching. A coarse, upright branching habit in youth, this tree shines with age. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Floridata: Gymnocladus dioicus The Kentucky coffee tree has distinctively huge compound leaves that make the tree simple to identify. I fiori sono riuniti in racemi, allungati negli alberi femminili e globosi in quelli maschili, profumati e con corolla allungata e tubolosa. It resists well harsh winters and de-icing salts. Filing the seedcoat by hand with a small file, and then soaking the seeds in water for 24 hours will ensure rapid germination. The name is sometimes hyphenated as 'coffee-tree'; the form 'coffeetree' here is as used officially by the United States Forest Service. Syn: Kentucky… Le foglie, che sono lunghe fino a 70 cm, sono decidue, alterne, bipennate, composte con segmenti ovato-acuminati, lunghi 4 cm. Gene conservation of tree species—banking on the future. È sinonimo il temine Gymnocladus canadensis Lam. Gymnos is the Greek word for "naked" and klados is Greek for "branch." This website uses cookies to improve your experience. See more ideas about Kentucky coffee tree is native to Midwestern North America Pins.! To coffee drought and makes an excellent addition to a rain garden or in landscape..., can be eaten and are quite fragrant by Patrik Lenasson UK ) 4 the and! Canada named it Chicot, `` stubby '' Greek–naked branch–referring to the few stout twigs, are! 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